Speech Events

Speech – Short Prep
Impromptu (IMP): Impromptu is a great starting point for anyone interested in the Short Prepe events, Memorized events, or debate.  This event is for those anyone who wants to learn to speak on their feet.  IMP students walk into a round and the judge hands them a quote or a cartoon – You get an index card and three minutes to prepare a speech.  Then you get up, and need to speech for no less than 3 min. – but no more than 5 min.  This event focuses on studying up on society, planning, thinking, and great speaking skills.  Impromptu speeches follow a regular three point structure in order to make the best use of the short preparation time.

Extemporaneous (EXT): This event is similar to IMP but students choose a current event topic each round and have 30 min. to prepare a 5 to 7 min. speech.  They prepare the speech using a prepared file of available articles from magazines and internet sources that is brought along to each tournament.  A great event to prepare anyone for the workplace, this event is for people who know or want to learn about current events and the world.
Speech – Memorized
Original Oratory (OO): This event is persuasive.  Students write their own speech, which should contain factual evidence from other sources to support their position.  The speech is memorized, and may last up to 10 minutes.  This is a great event for those individuals who have a message to share.  This event stresses force of personality, ease of movement, believability, and passion.

Memorized Public Address (MPA): This event is for students who appreciate the inspiration words of others.  This events takes a speech (either serious or humorous) previously given to a public audience.  Commencement speeches, addresses to the nation, etc., are the most commonly used.  Students also write their own analysis of the speech.  Students are encouraged to move, and both the speech and analysis must be memorized and be no more than 10 minutes.  This event requires some showmanship, but also focuses on how well you can become another person.

Expository (EXPOS): This event is for people who like to know and explain how stuff works, and are visual people.  This events is an informative speech, which focuses on the history, workings, mystery, process, etc. of just about anything.  Students also write this speech on their own, and must create visual aids.  The visual aids are usually poster boards, but students may have pieces that come off, flip up, spin, etc. – this is the most creative event.  The speech is memorized, and up to 10 minutes in length.

Speech – Interp/Acting

Humorous Interpretation:    These three events are for the actors.  Students take a script from a
Serious Interpretation:         movie, play, story, poem, song lyrics, etc. and perform their
Duo Interpretation:              interpretation of the piece for an audience.  HOI, SOI, and DUO students are allowed to move but not use props or costumes.  In DUO, students work with a partner on a humorous or serious selection, but may not make eye contact with other or touch.  These events stress facial expression, accents, range of voice, and energy, and let students participate in the roles of actor, director, playwright, stage manager, and producerUp to 10 min. memorized.

Debate Events

Legislative Debate (LEGI): This event is meant to simulate the United States Legislature.  Each month, students are given two current events issues (one national and one international) and draft bills, write speeches, and learn about the issues.  After a bill is presented, speakers given brief impromptu speeches in support or against a bill, and the body votes to pass the bill.  This event lasts for 75 minutes each round, although you won’t be speaking for the entire round.  You are judged on how well you spoke and how well you argued.  Legislative Debate is a good event that is part speech / part debate.

Lincoln-Douglas Debate (LD): This event is an individual debate event and focuses on moral issues.  Students are given a new topic every month and must write a case supporting the moral dilemma, and one condemning it.  Before every round students find out if they are debating the affirmative (for) or the negative (against) so students must be able to defend both sides of the issue effectively.  Skills focus on the ability to respond to whatever issues their opponent brings up, and tap into background knowledge to win the case.  This event has a novice division for new students, and one for returning students.

Public Forum (PF): This event is one of the two team debate events, and focuses on current events and public policy.  Partners trade off speaking and while one is speaking, or an opponent is speaking, students keep track of points and evidence to be prepared to present their argument.  The topic is set for the month and students must be prepared to defend the issue or go against it.  Students flip a coin in each round to determine which side they will be debating.

Policy Debate (PD): This event requires a commitment to hard work, but can be very rewarding.  Policy debate is also a team event, and operates similar to PF, except that students must also present a great deal of evidence to support their claims.  This requires a lot of behind the scenes work – but is a chance to go in depth and become an expert on a topic! This event has a novice division for new students, and one for returning students.

– The Policy Debate topic for the 2017 – 2018 school year is: Resolved, the United States federal government should substantially increase its funding and/or regulation of elementary and/or secondary education in the United States -